Monterey pine
Monterey pine


Monterey pine (Pinus radiata) is a tree native to coastal California and Mexico. People use the bark to make medicine.

Monterey pine is now grown throughout the world and commonly used for timber. As medicine, Monterey pine bark contains chemicals that might help reduce swelling.

People use Monterey pine for migraines, mental function, and heart disease, but there is no good scientific evidence to support any uses.

Don't confuse Monterey pine with similar trees, including Dwarf Pine Needle, Fir, Ground Pine, Korean Pine, Maritime Pine, or Poplar.
When taken by mouth: A specific Monterey pine bark extract (Enzogenol) is possibly safe when used at a dose of up to 1000 mg daily for up to 12 weeks or 480 mg daily for up to 6 months. There isn't enough reliable information to know if other Monterey pine products are safe.

When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if Monterey pine is safe or what the side effects might be.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if Monterey pine is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.


There is interest in using Monterey pine for a number of purposes, but there isn't enough reliable information to say whether it might be helpful.
Likely effective Effectiveness definitions
Possibly effective Effectiveness definitions
Likely ineffective Effectiveness definitions
Possibly ineffective Effectiveness definitions
Insufficient evidence Effectiveness definitions

Dosing & administration

A specific Monterey pine bark extract (Enzogenol) has most often been used by adults in doses up to 1000 mg by mouth daily for up to 12 weeks. Speak with a healthcare provider to find out what dose might be best for a specific condition.

Interactions with pharmaceuticals

It is not known if Monterey Pine interacts with any medicines. Before taking Monterey Pine, talk with your healthcare professional if you take any medications.

Interactions with herbs & supplements

There are no known interactions with herbs and supplements.

Interactions with foods

There are no known interactions with foods.
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This monograph was last reviewed on 23/10/2022 06:33:52 and last updated on 08/12/2014 19:47:07. Monographs are reviewed and/or updated multiple times per month and at least once per year.
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