Indian gooseberry
Indian gooseberry

Background

Indian gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica) is a tree native to India and the Middle East. It's been used in Ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years.

Indian gooseberry seems to work by reducing total cholesterol levels, including the fatty acids called triglycerides, without affecting levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL or "good") cholesterol.

People commonly use Indian gooseberry for abnormal cholesterol levels and persistent heartburn. It's also used for diarrhea, osteoarthritis, and cancer, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
When taken by mouth: Indian gooseberry is commonly consumed in food. It is possibly safe when used as medicine at doses of up to 1,000 mg daily for up to 6 months, 1,500 mg daily for up to 2 months, and 2,000 mg daily for up to 1 month. It is unclear if these doses are safe to take for longer periods of time.

When applied to the skin: Topical products containing Indian gooseberry at strengths up to 3% are possibly safe to apply to the skin for up to 60 days.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if Indian gooseberry is safe to use as medicine when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and stick to food amounts.

Bleeding disorders: Indian gooseberry might increase the risk of bleeding or bruising in some people. If you have a bleeding disorder, use Indian gooseberry with caution.

Surgery: Indian gooseberry might increase the risk of bleeding during and after surgery. Stop taking Indian gooseberry at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Effectiveness

NatMed Pro rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate.
Likely effective Effectiveness definitions
Possibly effective Effectiveness definitions
  • Abnormal levels of cholesterol or blood fats (dyslipidemia). Taking a specific Indian gooseberry whole fruit extract (Tri-low, Arjuna Natural Ltd.) for 12 weeks decreases low-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad") cholesterol and fats called triglycerides.
  • Persistent heartburn. Taking Indian gooseberry fruit extract for 4 weeks helps reduce how often heartburn occurs and how severe it is.
There is interest in using Indian gooseberry for a number of other purposes, but there isn't enough reliable information to say whether it might be helpful.
Likely ineffective Effectiveness definitions
Possibly ineffective Effectiveness definitions
Insufficient evidence Effectiveness definitions

Dosing & administration

Indian gooseberry fruit extract has most often been used by adults in doses of 500-1000 mg by mouth daily for 4-12 weeks. Speak with a healthcare provider to find out what dose might be best for a specific condition.

Interactions with pharmaceuticals

Aspirin

Interaction Rating=Moderate Be cautious with this combination.

Aspirin can slow blood clotting. Indian gooseberry might also slow blood clotting. Taking Indian gooseberry along with aspirin might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.

Clopidogrel (Plavix)

Interaction Rating=Moderate Be cautious with this combination.

Clopidogrel can slow blood clotting. Indian gooseberry might also slow blood clotting. Taking Indian gooseberry along with clopidogrel might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.

Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs)

Interaction Rating=Moderate Be cautious with this combination.

Indian gooseberry might lower blood sugar levels. Taking Indian gooseberry along with diabetes medications might cause blood sugar to drop too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely.

Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs)

Interaction Rating=Moderate Be cautious with this combination.

Indian gooseberry might slow blood clotting. Taking Indian gooseberry along with medications that also slow blood clotting might increase the risk of bruising and bleeding.

Interactions with herbs & supplements

Copper: Indian gooseberry might bind to copper in the stomach. This might decrease the amount of copper the body can absorb.
Herbs and supplements that might lower blood sugar: Indian gooseberry might lower blood sugar. Taking it with other supplements with similar effects might lower blood sugar too much.
Herbs and supplements that might slow blood clotting: Indian gooseberry might slow blood clotting and increase the risk of bleeding. Taking it with other supplements with similar effects might increase the risk of bleeding in some people.
Iron: Indian gooseberry might bind to iron in the stomach. This might decrease the amount of iron the body can absorb.

Interactions with foods

There are no known interactions with foods.
Iron Immunity
RRP: $59.99$53.99Save: 10%
Create account
Men's 50+ Multi
Per tablet:
RRP: $29.95$26.96Save: 10%
Create account
Hair, Skin & Nails
Per tablet:
RRP: $31.96$28.77Save: 10%
Create account
Pregnancy Multi
Per tablet:
RRP: $34.95$31.45Save: 10%
Create account
Men's Multi
Per tablet:
RRP: $29.95$26.96Save: 10%
Create account
Kids Multi
4.0 (2 pracs)
3.0 (1 client)
Per tablet (Berry):
RRP: $25.95$23.35Save: 10%
Create account
ThyroCalm
Practitioner product
Alergeze
Practitioner product
Women's 50+ Multi
Per tablet:
RRP: $29.95$26.96Save: 10%
Create account
Women's Multi
Per tablet:
RRP: $29.95$26.96Save: 10%
Create account
return unknown
Clear Skin Superfood Booster
Per 5 g:
RRP: $39.95$33.96Save: 15%
Create account
Thriving Family
RRP: $54.95$45.61Save: 17%
Create account
Lemongrass & Ginger
RRP: $9.35$8.60Save: 8%
Create account
vital.ly has licensed monographs from TRC Healthcare.
This monograph was last reviewed on 29/06/2023 10:00:00 and last updated on 19/05/2015 18:53:46. Monographs are reviewed and/or updated multiple times per month and at least once per year.
Natural Medicines disclaims any responsibility related to medical consequences of using any medical product. Effort is made to ensure that the information contained in this monograph is accurate at the time it was published. Consumers and medical professionals who consult this monograph are cautioned that any medical or product related decision is the sole responsibility of the consumer and/or the health care professional. A legal License Agreement sets limitations on downloading, storing, or printing content from this Database. No reproduction of this monograph or any content from this Database is permitted without written permission from the publisher. It is unlawful to download, store, or distribute content from this site.