Key immune nutrients

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Micronutrients for immune resilience

 

Innate immunity

Adaptive immunity

 

Maintenance & integrity of innate barrier mucosal cells

Innate immune cell regulation

Complement system activity

Oxidative burst & cell protection

Regulation of inflammation

Antimicrobial activity

T cell differentiation & proliferation

Inhibition of  Th1 & dendritic-cell activity

Cell-mediated immunity

Antibody production & development

Antigen response

 

VITAMINS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vitamin A

x

x

 

 

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

Vitamin C

x

x

x

 

x

x

x

 

x

x

x

Vitamin D

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

 

x

x

 

Vitamin E

x

x

 

 

 

x

x

x

x

x

x

Vitamin B6

x

x

 

x

x

 

x

x

x

 

x

Vitamin B12

x

x

 

 

x

 

x

x

x

x

 

Folate

x

x

 

 

 

 

x

 

x

x

 

MINERALS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iron

x

x

 

 

 

x

x

 

x

x

x

Copper

 

x

 

x

x

x

x

 

x

 

 

Selenium

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

 

x

x

 

Zinc

 

x

x

x

x

x

x

 

x

 

 

Magnesium

 

x

 

x

x

x

x

 

x

x

 

References
1Gombart AF, Pierre A, Maggini S. A review of micronutrients and the immune system–working in harmony to reduce the risk of infection. Nutrients. 2020 Jan;12(1):236.
2Maggini S, Pierre A, Calder PC. Immune function and micronutrient requirements change over the life course. Nutrients. 2018 Oct;10(10):1531.